Nepal has more than 800 species of birds. About half of them live in the Terai. Nowadays, about 15% of the bird species of Nepal are threatened nationally.
The most popular bird watching spots in Kathmandu are Phulchoki, Godavari, Nagarjun, Bagmati River, Taudaha. Chitwan National Park, Koshi Tappu and Pokhara valley are the other destinations outside Kathmandu
Bird Watching is one of the most demanded outdoor activities in Nepal. This is because the country is rich in a wide species of existing and endangered birds. Nepal is considered as a paradise for bird-lovers and ornithologists. Major areas of the country where birds are likelier to be found have been seen to be favourite destinations for tourists. Nepal comprises of a larger number of species of birds than most of the territories of the world.
Nepal is home to over 800 species of birds. This attractive number of birds covers about 8 percentage of the total number of world population. Along with healthy species of birds the country also comprises of endangered ones. Species of birds those are likely to be extinct in the upcoming few decades, have been tried to preserve in the country and have been tried to increase their numbers. The government of Nepal along with Nepal Tourism Board have been seen to conscious in this subject matter in order to preserve the treasures of the country and develop tourism industry of Nepal.
The Kathmandu Valley alone holds about 500 species of the total. Sites such as Phulchowki, Godabari, Nagarjun and the Bagmati River are mostly targeted for bird watching inside the valley. Also places outside the valley such as Chitwan National Park, Bardia National Park, Pokhara and Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve are listed among the favourite destinations for bird watching in Nepal.
This large homeland to a wide species of birds is a perfect destination for bird-lovers. The national park covers about 932 sq km and comprises of nearly 450 species of birds. The exotic site is found to be familiar with birds such as Cormorants, Darter, Cinnamon Bittern, Black-crowned Night and Purple Herons, Asian Openbill, Woolly-necked and Lesser Adjutant Storks, Lesser Whistling Duck, Cotton Pygmy Goose, Balloons Ruddy-breasted and Brown Crakes, Purple Gallinule, Bronze-winged Jacana, Painted Snipe and Stork-billed Kingfisher, Chestnut-crowned and Spotted Bush Warblers, Yellow bellied Prinia, Clamorous Reed, dusky and Smoky Warblers, and Red-capped Babbler. Forest species regular seen are Lesser Fishing and Grey headed Eagle, Brown Fish Owl, Changeable Hawk-Eagle, Kalij Pheasant, Emerald Dove, Orange-breasted Green and Pompadour Green Pigeon, Moustached Parakeet, Green-billed Malkoha, Brown Hawk Owl, Crested Treeswift, Pied and Great Hornbills, Streak-throated Green, Rufous, Himalayan Golden-backed and Greater Golden- backed Woodpeckers, Large Woodshrike Rosy Minivet, Black- crested Bulbul, Golden fronted Leafbird, Pale-chinned Flycatcher, Black-napped Monarch, Puff-throated Babbler, White-browed Scimitar-Babbler, Grey-throated Babbler, Crimson Sunbird, Thick-billed Flowerpecker, Hill Mynah, Black-hooded Oriole, White-rumped Shama, Lesser Necklaced, Greater Necklaced and Rufous-necked Laughing-thrushes, Nepal Fulvetta, Streaked Spiderhunter, yellow-bellied Warbler, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Forest Eagle, Tawny Fish Owls, Red-headed Trogon, White-browed Piculet, Great Slaty Woodpecker, Long-tailed Broadbill, Ruby-cheeked Sunbird and Little Spiderhunter.
Bardia National Park offers views of beautiful species of birds such as Impeyan pheasant [Danphe- the national bird of Nepal], blood pheasant, cheer pheasants, red and yellow billed cough, raven, jungle crow, snow patridge and many others. Rara National Park offers Resident Gallinaceous birds and migrant waterfowl are of interest to park visitors. The great -crested grebe, black necked grebe and red crested pochard are seen during winter. Other common birds are the snow cough, chukor patridge, impeyan pheasant, Kalij pheasant and blood pheasant.
This wildlife reserve is a treasure of large species of birds including those that have never been seen before. Birds such as Watercock, Dusky Eagleowl, Indian nightjar, Black headed cuckooshrike, Straited grassbird, White tailed stonechat, large adjutant stork, Palla’s fish eagle and Gullbilled term are the major species seen regularly in the site.
After an early breakfast, the path before us leads to Phulchowki [2760 m], 18 km south-east of the Kathmandu Valley. The site then introduces us to the wide range of species of birds. Frequently seen species of birds such as Besra, Black Eagle, Mountain Hawk-Eagle, Kalij Pheasant, Common Hill Partridge, Ashy Woodpigeon, Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon, Mountain Scops Owl, Collared Owlet, Golden-throated Barbet, Speckled Piculet, Crimson-breasted Pied and Rufous-bellied Pied Woodpeckers, Grey-chinned Minivet, Striated Bulbul, Orange-bellied Leafbird, Spotted Forktail, Chestnut-headed and grey-bellied Tesias, Chestnut-crowned and black faced Warblers, Rufous-bellied Niltava, Lesser Scaly-breasted Wren Babbler, Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler, Grey-throated and Spiny Babblers, White-crested, striated, Rufous-chinned and grey-sided Laughing thrushes, Red-billed Leiothrix, Cuttia, White-browed Green and Black-eared Shrike-Babblers, Hoary Barwing, Blue-winged Minla, Nepal Fulvetta, Yellow-browed Tit, Brown-throated Treecreeper, Black-throated Sunbird, Maroon Oriole, Eurasian and Lancelated Jays, Red-billed Blue Magpie and Brown Bullfinch. A further 55 species of birds have been found to be migratory and occasional visitor in the site.
Phewa Lake is one of the favourite destinations during leisure time for tourists who come to Nepal. The southern shore of the lake comprises of forests that are rich in species of birds that are in wide range. Apart from birds, this site also provides spectacular views of beautiful mountains such as Annapurna and Machapuchchre. The forests comprises of regularly seen species of birds such as Besra, Red-thighed Falconet, Pallid and Pied Harriers, Eurasian Griffon, Red-headed and Eurasian Black Vultures, Kalij Pheasant, Ducks, Gulls, Terns, Waders, Bulbul, Black-backed Forktail, Puff-throated Babbler, White-crested, Lesser Necklaced and Rufous-chinned Laughing Thrushes, Red-billed Leiothrix, Minivetts, Crimson Sunbird, Maroon Oriole, Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo, Red-billed and Green Magpies, Long-tailed Mountain Thrush, Chestnut-headed and Grey-bellied Tesias, Chestnut-crowned Warbler, Small and Rufous-bellied Niltavas and Snowy-brown Flycatcher, Long-tailed Broadbill, Pale Blue Flycatcher, White-tailed Robin, Spiny Babbler, White-browed Scimitar-Babbler, Striated Munia, Lesser Whitethroat and Thick-billed Warbler.